i wanna Buy speedy 30

Transform this important has been the open configuration to form along the river from the coast to the border, the style of leadership in the east, open the western region, the pattern of expansion of the open field, to a number of services from a small number Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 achieve large-scale investment and trade from trade in goods and trade and open new directions from the poor quality of high quality. China opens new location in the world economy has played an increasingly important role.
First, openness is expanding the depth and breadth
The third plenary session was the beginning of the opening of historic change. To promote open, step by step step strategy, multilevel, take the first step after the test has undergone a process of widening and deepening.
(A) free from local to national to facilitate the
Party Central Committee, the State Council decided in 1979, the implementation of foreign economic activity of different policy measures special was established in 1980 in Fujian and Guangdong, Shenzhen during the official opening in the ship, Zhuhai , Xiamen Shantou special economic zone 4, set sail.
Mid-1980s, a city on the coast and gradually opening the early 90 SR expanding the scope of, along the border area, in order to form from the coast to the mainland to promote this style of 20th century . An open city along the Yangtze River in 1992, the Three Gorges Reservoir area, major cities and border towns and coastal borders, the internal opening of the capital city area and weight 11. The following year the qualified land, opened up big numbers.
WTO China’s accession to the WTO in December 2001, to advance open source community that is open, each round-up, please follow the steps contained in the new development opening in China. At this point, the interior from east to west coast, from south to north, one of the following to open the round shape of the area and all.
(B) promotion of investment and service trade, commodity trade opening
Reform and opening, the opening of China, as a starting point, “export”, and increase exports to key points of policy. At international, domestic situation, noted Deng brothers, as well as the expansion of trade in goods, to do business, as well as continued foreign direct investment in China, open up, they participate in the processing trade Masu. This is the trade with foreign countries, trade, investment and fields can be original from growing production from the Minister. In many ways, foreign direct investment to finance the international market, Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526has been widely used for loans from abroad. The pace of opening and deepening of opening the service sector, to accelerate the development of trade and services quickly.
Second, a new level, foreign trade
Country’s foreign trade and economic cooperation in the international competition is an important means to channel the essence is the starting point of the opening of China. 30 years of reform and opening was a great achievement of China’s foreign trade.
(A) trade in goods of more than 100 times the size of
2173700000000 $ 20600000000 U.S. dollars, the U.S. China’s foreign trade volume in 1978 and 2007, an increase of 104 visits. Of these, 124 times, an increase of 1.2178 trillion U.S. dollars reached USD 98 billion of total exports; 109 billion U.S. dollars of total imports increased by a factor 956000000000,87. 17.4%, exports, imports 16.7%, 18.1% average annual increase in average annual growth rate from 1979 to 2007, import and export trade of the average annual growth rate.
In particular, to win the best period of development formally in December 2001 to accelerate the transfer of the development of foreign trade is full of vitality, to seize the historic opportunity the World Trade Organization in the fastest, China’s active participation in economic globalization, joined the international industry. 2002-2007, 28.5 percent and China’s imports, exports and imports increased 27.3 percent average annual growth rate of 28.9 percent average annual rate of export trade of the average annual growth rate. Total imports in 2004, the United States in 2001, surpassed 2 trillion U.S. dollars and one trillion dollars for the first time topped $ 2,007 a year, China exported 509.7 billion trade.
5000000000000-1000000000000 from U.S., from 29,200 23 years 500 million trillion billion dollars a year spent 3 ~ – Since 1950, the course of 58 years, the size of China’s foreign trade is 20 billion U.S. dollars over the years is a short period of three years. The WTO for six years, from 2002 to 2007, trade volume has exceeded the total imports and exports from 2001 to 1979, before the reform, the WTO opened 23 years combined.
30 years old, from import and export Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 trade surplus deficit, stretched our country from the world’s largest foreign exchange reserves abroad. Except for a small import-export trade surplus for several years reform and budget deficit, with most of the year, opened in 1993. Since 1994, enrollment has been expanded to hold the import and export trade surplus. Trade surplus of 100 billion dollars in 1995 exceeded 167 million dollars U.S.. 2005 exceeded 100 billion U.S. dollars to reach 102 billion U.S. dollars. Billion U.S. dollars back into U.S. dollars 261800000000 200 2007, or more. 1978 2007 from China’s foreign exchange reserves, but rapid expansion of 1.5 trillion U.S. dollars 167000000 few dollars.
The rapid growth of trade to improve the entrance to the country’s reform and the 2004-32 world rankings and the import and export trade – is ranked 3rd in 2007 bit. In 2007, about 8 percent, a proportion of total world trade in 1978% less than the actual trading nation. It increased in 2007, exports accounted for 8.8 percent of the world population percentage of total world exports, then jump to second place, imports 6.7 percent, the highest number in the world 3 The proportion of the increase in global imports.
(B) is to improve the structure of trade in goods
Export of primary products and industrial Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526products, according of the structure of 30 years, capital mainly machinery, products, technology-intensive and high-tech products and electrical upgrade to the Chinese workers and other fibers to improve the structure of export commodities intensive products to. Export of primary products 53.5 percent from 1978, the industrial products accounted for 46.5 percent. Exports of primary commodities is the percentage of manufactured exports of primary products, Fell much higher in 1986, 63.6 for the percentage of 36.4 reached percent in 1985, primary products divided its share of similar products, industrial ,, was 49.5 percent and 50.5 percent. In 2007, primary products and manufactured goods 5.1 percent to 94.9 percent more than the percentage rate of Chinese export products of absolute hegemony.
This industrial products, machinery, exporter of electronic products, the ratio of total exports in 1994 26.4% continued to calculate the increase in 2000, 2003, 42.3 increase percent in 2007, 51.9 percent , has reached 57.6 percent increase in satisfaction. High-tech products, the percentage of total exports in 2003 and 2000 accounted for 14.9 percent in 2007 rose to 25.2%, 28.6% and rise again. As electrical and mechanical, high-tech products export trade increasingly dominant position of China is clear.
The commodity structure the process of modernization and industrialization and rapid economic development, resources and commodities quickly to significantly increase the structure of imports to meet the need to import raw materials and basic Suozhan, electronics, high tech The larger percentage of the product.
In 1985, imports of 12.5 percent in 2007, the share of primary commodities, this percentage increased to 25.4 percent. Among them, mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, non-food raw materials, 0.4 percent, the percentage of total imports respectively in 1985, 7.6 percent, 11.0 percent in 2007, reaching 12.4 percent. In recent years, soybeans, iron ore, oil and other imported raw materials continued underlying robust growth trends.
At the same time, domestic and foreign advanced technology, increase the complete set of equipment, industrial products and electrical products quickly increased the demand for imports of high-tech products. In 2007, electronics, high-tech products, $ 287 billion to 499 billion U.S. in 2000 and 8.7 times respectively in 1994, China’s imports of Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 5,5 times; 49.4 representing an increase of mechanical and electrical imports from products increased 52.2% percent in 1994, 2000, high-tech products accounted for 23.3% growth in imports rose 30.0 percent. Machinery, electrical products, as well as the rapid growth of high-tech products, the region’s economy, the construction of technical resources, shortage, correction can be used to upgrade and create conditions for the adjustment of industrial structure.
The market structure of trade, but the reform and opening, reaching more than 220 trading partners of China, trade patterns are gradually diversifying their markets. In particular, development and regional economic integration and globalization of the economy, China and the U.S., the European Union, Japan, the strong trade and economic cooperation and the ASEAN countries, Russia, the major large-scale development and the three major body of emerging markets such as India that has been said that between the trading partners to provide rapid development 其他.
1998-2003, China’s largest trading partner, Japan, USA, second and third issue of the European Union in 2004 and 2005, the European Union’s largest trading partner of China and the U.S. and Japan, ranked second and third bits. In 2007, the European Union, the United States, China, USD 356.1 billion U.S. dollars of trade volume between China and Japan 0.302100000000 dollars and 23.6 billion U.S. dollars, respectively, in 1998 increased by 5.2 times, Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 3.8 times and 4.5 times.
In 2007, ASEAN’s biggest trading partner of China’s bilateral trade volume of 7.6 times, reaching 202.5 billion U.S. dollars in 1998. Russia, India, China, 8,10-largest trading partner.
(C) The dramatic growth in trade in services
Services in total trade of USD 2007 1982 4300000000 250.9 billion U.S. dollars, 57-fold increase in 25 years, 17.6 percent average annual increase. And their imports of 129.3 billion U.S. dollars U.S. dollars U.S. 24800000000 121700000000,16.9% average annual growth of 18.7 billion U.S. dollars of the 18.5% average annual growth of export volume.
To strengthen significantly the development of trade in services, our firm commitment to open trade in services, especially after the accession to WTO compliance. WTO six years, the average annual export trade and services, trade in services export growth even during the same period than the world average growth rate is higher than major countries 24.4%, 13.8 per cent increased by more than. At the same time, gradually optimizing the structure of trade in services, telecommunications, insurance, finance, royalties and license fees, computer and information services, consulting, advertising, to form a more comprehensive development pattern. Reform from the traditional exports, tourism, transportation, construction and other services, the market share of over 80 percent in 2007, the opening was reduced to 60.8 percent in this percentage.
In 2007, total trade representing all services of the total foreign trade of China, in 1982 to 9.4 percent of world trade rose from receiving services rose 10,3% shares are up from 4% to 0.6% and the UK ranking second only to the United States, Germany, the service was ranked No. 7, 5, important countries in world trade exports and imports, the fifth largest in Japan.
For many years among the first countries that Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526developed for use by third foreign capital soon
Effective use of foreign capital last is not only a basic state policy of opening an important part of the reform, opening one of the core. The entry of foreign capital, and long-term financing double to compensate for the problem of gaps and technology to promote employment opportunities and tax revenues increase with economic growth, promote the improvement, upgrading of industrial structure and economic accelerate the development, improve overall quality, strengthen core competencies are fully integrated into the international community plays an important role in accelerating the pace of the Chinese economy.
In the use of foreign capital and foreign direct investment (A) is the expansion of the mainstream.
Before 1992, China’s major foreign investment, particularly government loans, foreign debt, foreign direct investment is small. In 1991 1979, the annual foreign direct investment in foreign bonds, foreign debt is greater than during the foreign direct investment only 25100000000, 52600000000 accumulated 13 years of U.S. dollars into U.S. dollars. In 1992, the year after year after growing foreign direct investment, foreign loans for the first time, foreign direct investment, the use of foreign capital from the main road.
In China, foreign direct investment situation in 1983 dollars, 916 million only in 2007 foreign direct investment is increased by a factor 81 in 24 years, the end of 2007, reaching U.S. dollars 74.8 billion the country Dollar 770 billion over U.S. foreign direct investment that annual growth rate is higher than the national economy’s growth rate was 20.1%. This foreign investment in 1991 from 1983 U.S. dollars 2.6 billion from foreign direct investment in the average year, after strong growth in foreign investment in 1992 shows the 1992 level, Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 the Council US Elderly 10 billion dollars a person billion dollars, 20 billion dollars over 30 in 1994, topping 1993, three years between the threshold of three, increasing thereafter established gradually FDI is sustained, China Status of global investment. 1992-2007 annual average of U.S. dollars in foreign investment over U.S. 45000000000, during the same period increased 19.4 percent average annual growth rate amounted to 7.5 percent of global FDI flows to the average annual growth rate or more points.
According to UNCTAD, the dollar 1500000000000 directly to the record global investment in 2007, foreign direct investment are expected to flow hit developing countries, in developed countries billion of about 440 trillion dollars maximum. In 2007, China accounted for 19 percent, representing 5.4 percent of global FDI, about 83.5 billion U.S. dollars, adding up, along with the absorption of foreign direct investment in the financial sector, developing countries absorbed 74.8 billion U.S. dollars of foreign direct investment . Since 1993, China has been 15 years as the largest foreign investment in developing countries.
In fact at the end of 2007, China has a total investment of 280,000 U.S. dollars of foreign companies recorded more than 2.11 trillion. In 2007, imports and foreign-invested enterprises, import and export, China’s foreign trade and export volume of 57.7% was accounted for 1.2549 trillion U.S. dollars, 5,000 more than one million jobs, more than 20% of tax revenues 990000000000 yuan, accounting for paying taxes.
(B) continued to use foreign capital and the spread of
Relatively simple and the beginning of the Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 reform of China before and after absorption of foreign direct investment in China into the WTO and the opening of accession, very little greenfield investment, primarily the acquisition, investment and international capital markets are. Since its WTO accession, China has earnestly, a member of the World Trade Organization to step in fulfilling the commitment step, steadily opening the capital market actively engaged, relevant laws and regulations, capital in an orderly manner improve the process of internationalization of the market.
The first allows the local companies on the list of all overseas interest. The Chinese government supports a list of qualified overseas institutions to expand the financing channels of international competitiveness. At the end of April 2008, a total of 150 domestic enterprises with a total of 110.5 billion U.S. dollars, 55 companies issued shares at the same time international list.
Second, the aggressive implementation of the system, (QFII) and Qualified Domestic Institutional Investors systems foreign institutional investor (QDII) qualification. Now, I get the status of QFII 300000000000 0.54 U.S. dollars to foreign institutions have QFII investment have increased the proportion of the investment framework, giving 10.5 billion U.S. dollars, another five foreign banks, QFII custodian business could be implemented. The amount appropriated for QDII investment reached, nine QDII QDII QDII 9 qualification 0.37500000000 fund products and fund management company and securities firms had to obtain a range of 21 asset management plan has been approved by the dollar.
Third, WTO and the securities industry in an open framework. At the end of April 2008 was approved projects 31 financial firms to manage shared with seven of the securities by the joint venture and the China Securities Regulatory Commission, 15 companies loans to joint venture 49% of the foreign partner’s share has been reached.
Fourth, improve and complete the foreign policy of mergers and acquisitions. 2006 issued “regulations on foreign investors to merge local companies,” m improvement in China’s overall foreign investment policies and environment.
Companies are accounted for foreignLouis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 investment in late 2007, foreign investors in Chinese shares is 800 m 21, 7.6% the number of foreign investors which stocks 19 400 Chinese companies and foreign investment to purchase, in fact, purchase of shares in 2373 of local companies, the corporation has a merger or acquisition, capital solid 11.6% accounting for foreign-invested enterprises recorded, the registered capital to 134.3 billion U.S. dollars in the U.S. I.
(C) Use of continuous improvement of industrial structure of foreign capital
In China, reform open foreign investment, export orders, which indicates the number of general features of the type of expansion to attract foreign investment, governments at all levels of foreign firms export-oriented, the land use, taxation, finance, and provide many other benefits, the pattern of processing trade in labor-intensive foreign investment and results. World Trade Organization, China and revision, and improvement of the new policy, “Corporate Income Tax Law” and “foreign investment in basic industries catalog,” the abolition of superpower foreign companies national treatment, the expansion of further liberalization of services announced. Strictly speaking, high and low levels of power consumption, high pollution and limit projects funded from abroad. At the same time, foreign investment in independent innovation, completely, foreign capital, innovation, financial opening new areas to expand the use of foreign capital in order to achieve greater regional distribution of foreign investment, insurance, telecommunications, provide an active role to work actively and steadily expanded to other services.
The new policy towards foreign investment, focus on high-tech industry, basic industries and infrastructure, particularly in recent years, research and development centers, integrated circuits, computer services on foreign investment from industry to foreign investment in communications equipment, trade, trade external communication and open trade has become the finance, insurance, real estate and other services from Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 the new round of foreign investment, a significant increase in high-tech companies.
Foreign investment in the industry has been greatly improved significantly increase the proportion of tertiary industry. In 2005-2007, the amount of foreign investment as a percentage of total foreign investment in the tertiary industry 24.7%, 31.6%, 41.4, and the secondary industry 74.1 percent, respectively, 67.5%, 57.3% and the rate of exchange offer worsening.
Four “out” strategy, implementation, and initial results have been achieved and
Strategies for “going global”, the content is primarily economic and technical cooperation and foreign investment from abroad, and go abroad, in order to achieve economic growth sustainable in China, “two resources and two markets” to is to strengthen institutions to take advantage of other means.
(A) increase gradually to increase competitiveness and foreign economic cooperation.
Foreign economic cooperation through continued effort to be brought about by the reform and opening new ones, China’s foreign trade has evolved into an important part of economy and quickly, before the century began in the late 1970s.
In 1976, China’s first foreign contract labor in the international arena, the majority of 1980 working in 29 service areas of foreign cooperation projects and construction workers to concentrate on markets in West Asia and North Africa Total company. Since 1981, the team started in China’s foreign economic cooperation, increased gradually increase the level of corporate governance, contracts, business expanded, more competitive market diversification strategy to implementation. In 1995, has expanded the scope of foreign economic cooperation also began designing and advisory.
Since joining the healthy development of foreign economic cooperation with the World Trade Organization and the fast lane. Continue to expand the scope of business to the area more technical from the beginning of a few open businesses and reform in 2007, and improve greatly benefit and social economy, the relative competitiveness of a strong international configuration of the team has evolved over 1,000 organizations. 2002-2007, and foreign economic cooperation agreement and the total contract value of U.S. dollars 257700000000 486.000, 163.3 billion U.S. dollars sales in the United States, 2 and 1.8 times respectively from 1976 to 2001 in an amount of 1.9 times for the project to completion Please.
In 2007, the economic cooperation between the Chinese Foreign Ministry has made significant progress this year. New contract amount of U.S. 85300000000, the United States 47900000000,19.1 percent respectively to complete the 34.2 percent increase in dollar sales, the various labor representatives sent 75.3 million. Their foreign sales contracts 40600000000 Project, while 35.3 percent increase. Operation in the capital region and over 180 countries, the world’s technology-intensive and power metal, half the time of total sales that are expressed to the rail, petrochemical projects in the field of electronic communication, Many of the projects is growing rapidly. In 2007 the company had a choice of 49 U.S. “Society” (ENR’s) contract from the largest to top 225.14 million.
(B) has strong growth momentum of foreign investment
Foreign direct investment in China Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 started to reform, opening in 1979. Been approved by the state, only a handful of companies state-owned trading companies are moving overseas representative offices, make sure to provide project.
Chinese foreign investment in space exploration and development in 30 years, though still small, positive progress has been made. World Trade Organization during the period of rapid development since China joined the overseas investment. China’s foreign direct investment in 2002, 2007, 2007 26,500,000,000.2002 six years, and 25.1% at an average annual growth rate increased by only 27 billion dollars. 2007.7000 investors at the end of foreign direct investment projects in the region to establish more than 10,000.
The field of foreign investment levels have increased and continue to expand the level of foreign investment. Currently, foreign institutional investors, the country, more than 170 countries and regions in Asia, which invested mainly in Latin America to cover the show the direction of market diversification. In 2007, the inflow of foreign direct investment, representing 62.6% of China and Asia, Latin America, Europe, North America, Oceania 18.5%, 13% combined.
A mergers and foreign investment in the new field of cross-border acquisitions and investments, the other methods mentioned in overseas development, with equity participation. Cross-border M & A is an important means of foreign investment and an important resource, telecommunications, petrochemical industry will flow. In 2007, acquisitions, mergers, the total investment is achieved by the flow of foreign direct investment accounted for 23.8 percent. Foreign R & D Center, a major breakthrough for that overseas economic cooperation and trade, industrial construction, specify the number of industry out the assembly area.
As well as mining, manufacturing, business services, financial sector continue to increase foreign investment also is one of the largest foreign investment to start. By the end of 2006, total assets of commercial banks and five state-owned industrial commercial banks 226.8 billion U.S. dollars overseas. U.S., Japan, UK, Australia, Russia, Brazil, other countries and organizations, an area with a branch or representative office in 3112 was 29.47 state owned commercial banks. The end of April 2008, China, Hong Kong 0.31 10 Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 securities firms can engage in overseas futures trading for hedging purposes are local companies have approved the futures company and six branches.
By the end of 2007, it reached 117.9 billion U.S. dollars of foreign direct investment, including equity securities of financial institutions other than U.S. dollars and 101.2 billion 16.7 billion financial institution in China.
Fifth, economic and commercial interests between the two countries of the fruits of multilateral cooperation
First, make sure that the strategy of building an advanced free trade. Open a new form of free trade areas, and a new starting point, and other countries to achieve mutual benefits the new curriculum. Since 2000, the building of free trade, October 2007, China, Asia, Oceania, Latin America, Europe, Africa, and the construction of 12 Free Trade Area of the 29 countries and regions, exports, Chinese exports of one or more accounted for four of the total. ASEAN, signed, to implement a free trade agreement in goods and services trade agreements, “a 10″ to promote “10 3″ mechanism to deepen.
Second, trade between the two countries to deepen regional economic cooperation and multilateral. China has established a joint committee of the mechanism of more than 180 bilateral and multilateral, to promote economic and trade multilateral and bilateral cooperation, regional countries and 129 plays an important role in 0.13 with international Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 organizations 123 countries have signed a bilateral agreement on investment protection.
Is to establish strategic economic dialogue mechanism, and the third. And the number of agreements were signed on 20 September, 2006, 为止 now until three official start of China Zhongmei held strategic and economic dialogue mechanism, the Strategic Economic Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 Dialogue in the United States, a series of consensus is important both reached. At the same time, respectively, China, Japan and the European Union, the Association has established an economic dialogue mechanism for the major trading partners to strengthen communication and coordination. “State” and the economy, with Russia, including the number of commercial activities. Makoto Makoto view the contents of the SCO’s economic and trade cooperation. China and Africa Beijing Summit of the Forum, the founder of implementation and cooperation between the eight pairs of economic cooperation in tackling non-commercial. Established “China – Caribbean Economic and Trade Cooperation Forum”, “China – Pacific Island Countries Economic Forum” mechanism.
Looking ahead, the task of promoting the opening is still very heavy. We, our economy and the expansion of the opening width and depth, open to ways to improve the open, is based on the policy of Congress, “fetch” and, better internal and external links better integration situation of mutual benefit, win-win economic security and efficiency of the “out”, and efforts to create, a new competitive edge in. international economic cooperation and global economic conditions and maintenance

Transform this important has been the open configuration to form along the river from the coast to the border, the style of leadership in the east, open the western region, the pattern of expansion of the open field, to a number of services from a small number achieve large-scale investment and trade from trade in goods and trade and open new directions from the poor quality of high quality. China opens new location in the world economy has played an increasingly important role.

First, openness is expanding the depth and breadth

The third plenary session was the beginning of the opening of historic change. To promote open, step by step step strategy, multilevel, take the first step after the test has undergone a process of widening and deepening.

(A) free from local to national to facilitate the

Party Central Committee, Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 the State Council decided in 1979, the implementation of foreign economic activity of different policy measures special was established in 1980 in Fujian and Guangdong, Shenzhen during the official opening in the ship, Zhuhai , Xiamen Shantou special economic zone 4, set sail.

Mid-1980s, a city on the coast and gradually opening the early 90 SR expanding the scope of, along the border area, in order to form from the coast to the mainland to promote this style of 20th century . An open city along the Yangtze River in 1992, the Three Gorges Reservoir area, major cities and border towns and coastal borders, the internal opening of the capital city area and weight 11. The following year the qualified land, opened up big numbers.

WTO China’s accession to the Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 WTO in December 2001, to advance open source community that is open, each round-up, please follow the steps contained in the new development opening in China. At this point, the interior from east to west coast, from south to north, one of the following to open the round shape of the area and all.

(B) promotion of investment and service trade,Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas LV speedy 30 M41526 commodity trade opening

Reform and opening, the opening of China, as a starting point, “export”, and increase exports to key points of policy. At international, domestic situation, noted Deng brothers, as well as the expansion of trade in goods, to do business, as well as continued foreign direct investment in China, open up, they participate in the processing trade Masu. This is the trade with foreign countries, trade, investment and fields can be original from growing production from the Minister. In many ways, foreign direct investment to finance the international market, has been widely used for loans from abroad. The pace of opening and deepening of opening the service sector, to accelerate the development of trade and services quickly.

Second, a new level, foreign trade

Country’s foreign trade and economic Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526cooperation in the international competition is an important means to channel the essence is the starting point of the opening of China. 30 years of reform and opening was a great achievement of China’s foreign trade.

(A) trade in goods of more than 100 times the size of

2173700000000 $ 20600000000 U.S. dollars, the U.S. China’s foreign trade volume in 1978 and 2007, an increase of 104 visits. Of these, 124 times, an increase of 1.2178 trillion U.S. dollars reached USD 98 billion of total exports; 109 billion U.S. dollars of total imports increased by a factor 956000000000,87. 17.4%, exports, imports 16.7%, 18.1% average annual increase in average annual growth rate from 1979 to 2007, import and export trade of the average annual growth rate.

In particular, to win the best period of development formally in December 2001 to accelerate the transfer of the development of foreign trade is full of vitality, to seize the historic opportunity the World Trade Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 Louis Vuitton M41526 Organization in the fastest, China’s active participation in economic globalization, joined the international industry. 2002-2007, 28.5 percent and China’s imports, exports and imports increased 27.3 percent average annual growth rate of 28.9 percent average annual rate of export trade of the average annual growth rate. Total imports in 2004, the United States in 2001, surpassed 2 trillion U.S. dollars and one trillion dollars for the first time topped $ 2,007 a year, China exported 509.7 billion trade.

5000000000000-1000000000000 from U.S., from 29,200 23 years 500 million trillion billion dollars a year spent 3 ~ – Since 1950, the course of 58 years, the size of China’s foreign trade is 20 billion U.S. dollars over the years is a short period of three years. The WTO for six years, from 2002 to 2007, trade volume has exceeded the total imports and exports from 2001 to 1979, before the reform, the WTO opened 23 years combined.

30 years old, from import and export trade surplus deficit, stretched our country from the world’s largest foreign exchange reserves abroad. Except for a small import-export trade surplus for several years reform and budget deficit, with most of the year, opened in 1993. Since 1994, enrollment has been expanded to hold the import and Louis Vuitton Monogram canvas speedy 30 M41526 export trade surplus. Trade surplus of 100 billion dollars in 1995 exceeded 167 million dollars U.S.. 2005 exceeded 100 billion U.S. dollars to reach 102 billion U.S. dollars. Billion U.S. dollars back into U.S. dollars 261800000000 200 2007, or more. 1978 2007 from China’s foreign exchange reserves, but rapid expansion of 1.5 trillion U.S. dollars 167000000 few dollars.

The rapid growth of trade to improve the entrance to the country’s reform and the 2004-32 world rankings and the import and export trade – is ranked 3rd in 2007 bit. In 2007, about 8 percent, a proportion of total world trade in 1978% less than the actual trading nation. It increased in 2007, exports accounted for 8.8 percent of the world population percentage of total world exports, then jump to second place, imports 6.7 percent, the highest number in the world 3 The proportion of the increase in global imports.

(B) is to improve the structure of trade in goods

Export of primary products and industrial products, according of the structure of 30 years, capital mainly machinery, products, technology-intensive and high-tech products and electrical upgrade to the Chinese workers and other fibers to improve the structure of export commodities intensive products to. Export of primary products 53.5 percent from 1978, the industrial products accounted for 46.5 percent. Exports of primary commodities is the percentage of manufactured exports of primary products, Fell much higher in 1986, 63.6 for the percentage of 36.4 reached percent in 1985, primary products divided its share of similar products, industrial ,, was 49.5 percent and 50.5 percent. In 2007, primary products and manufactured goods 5.1 percent to 94.9 percent more than the percentage rate of Chinese export products of absolute hegemony.

This industrial products, machinery, exporter of electronic products, the ratio of total exports in 1994 26.4% continued to calculate the increase in 2000, 2003, 42.3 increase percent in 2007, 51.9 percent , has reached 57.6 percent increase in satisfaction. High-tech products, the percentage of total exports in 2003 and 2000 accounted for 14.9 percent in 2007 rose to 25.2%, 28.6% and rise again. As electrical and mechanical, high-tech products export trade increasingly dominant position of China is clear.

The commodity structure the process of modernization and industrialization and rapid economic development, resources and commodities quickly to significantly increase the structure of imports to meet the need to import raw materials and basic Suozhan, electronics, high tech The larger percentage of the product.

In 1985, imports of 12.5 percent in 2007, the share of primary commodities, this percentage increased to 25.4 percent. Among them, mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, non-food raw materials, 0.4 percent, the percentage of total imports respectively in 1985, 7.6 percent, 11.0 percent in 2007, reaching 12.4 percent. In recent years, soybeans, iron ore, oil and other imported raw materials continued underlying robust growth trends.

At the same time, domestic and foreign advanced technology, increase the complete set of equipment, industrial products and electrical products quickly increased the demand for imports of high-tech products. In 2007, electronics, high-tech products, $ 287 billion to 499 billion U.S. in 2000 and 8.7 times respectively in 1994, China’s imports of 5,5 times; 49.4 representing an increase of mechanical and electrical imports from products increased 52.2% percent in 1994, 2000, high-tech products accounted for 23.3% growth in imports rose 30.0 percent. Machinery, electrical products, as well as the rapid growth of high-tech products, the region’s economy, the construction of technical resources, shortage, correction can be used to upgrade and create conditions for the adjustment of industrial structure.

The market structure of trade, but the reform and opening, reaching more than 220 trading partners of China, trade patterns are gradually diversifying their markets. In particular, development and regional economic integration and globalization of the economy, China and the U.S., the European Union, Japan, the strong trade and economic cooperation and the ASEAN countries, Russia, the major large-scale development and the three major body of emerging markets such as India that has been said that between the trading partners to provide rapid development 其他.

1998-2003, China’s largest trading partner, Japan, USA, second and third issue of the European Union in 2004 and 2005, the European Union’s largest trading partner of China and the U.S. and Japan, ranked second and third bits. In 2007, the European Union, the United States, China, USD 356.1 billion U.S. dollars of trade volume between China and Japan 0.302100000000 dollars and 23.6 billion U.S. dollars, respectively, in 1998 increased by 5.2 times, 3.8 times and 4.5 times.

In 2007, ASEAN’s biggest trading partner of China’s bilateral trade volume of 7.6 times, reaching 202.5 billion U.S. dollars in 1998. Russia, India, China, 8,10-largest trading partner.

(C) The dramatic growth in trade in services

Services in total trade of USD 2007 1982 4300000000 250.9 billion U.S. dollars, 57-fold increase in 25 years, 17.6 percent average annual increase. And their imports of 129.3 billion U.S. dollars U.S. dollars U.S. 24800000000 121700000000,16.9% average annual growth of 18.7 billion U.S. dollars of the 18.5% average annual growth of export volume.

To strengthen significantly the development of trade in services, our firm commitment to open trade in services, especially after the accession to WTO compliance. WTO six years, the average annual export trade and services, trade in services export growth even during the same period than the world average growth rate is higher than major countries 24.4%, 13.8 per cent increased by more than. At the same time, gradually optimizing the structure of trade in services, telecommunications, insurance, finance, royalties and license fees, computer and information services, consulting, advertising, to form a more comprehensive development pattern. Reform from the traditional exports, tourism, transportation, construction and other services, the market share of over 80 percent in 2007, the opening was reduced to 60.8 percent in this percentage.

In 2007, total trade representing all services of the total foreign trade of China, in 1982 to 9.4 percent of world trade rose from receiving services rose 10,3% shares are up from 4% to 0.6% and the UK ranking second only to the United States, Germany, the service was ranked No. 7, 5, important countries in world trade exports and imports, the fifth largest in Japan.

For many years among the first countries that developed for use by third foreign capital soon

Effective use of foreign capital last is not only a basic state policy of opening an important part of the reform, opening one of the core. The entry of foreign capital, and long-term financing double to compensate for the problem of gaps and technology to promote employment opportunities and tax revenues increase with economic growth, promote the improvement, upgrading of industrial structure and economic accelerate the development, improve overall quality, strengthen core competencies are fully integrated into the international community plays an important role in accelerating the pace of the Chinese economy.

In the use of foreign capital and foreign direct investment (A) is the expansion of the mainstream.

Before 1992, China’s major foreign investment, particularly government loans, foreign debt, foreign direct investment is small. In 1991 1979, the annual foreign direct investment in foreign bonds, foreign debt is greater than during the foreign direct investment only 25100000000, 52600000000 accumulated 13 years of U.S. dollars into U.S. dollars. In 1992, the year after year after growing foreign direct investment, foreign loans for the first time, foreign direct investment, the use of foreign capital from the main road.

In China, foreign direct investment situation in 1983 dollars, 916 million only in 2007 foreign direct investment is increased by a factor 81 in 24 years, the end of 2007, reaching U.S. dollars 74.8 billion the country Dollar 770 billion over U.S. foreign direct investment that annual growth rate is higher than the national economy’s growth rate was 20.1%. This foreign investment in 1991 from 1983 U.S. dollars 2.6 billion from foreign direct investment in the average year, after strong growth in foreign investment in 1992 shows the 1992 level, the Council US Elderly 10 billion dollars a person billion dollars, 20 billion dollars over 30 in 1994, topping 1993, three years between the threshold of three, increasing thereafter established gradually FDI is sustained, China Status of global investment. 1992-2007 annual average of U.S. dollars in foreign investment over U.S. 45000000000, during the same period increased 19.4 percent average annual growth rate amounted to 7.5 percent of global FDI flows to the average annual growth rate or more points.

According to UNCTAD, the dollar 1500000000000 directly to the record global investment in 2007, foreign direct investment are expected to flow hit developing countries, in developed countries billion of about 440 trillion dollars maximum. In 2007, China accounted for 19 percent, representing 5.4 percent of global FDI, about 83.5 billion U.S. dollars, adding up, along with the absorption of foreign direct investment in the financial sector, developing countries absorbed 74.8 billion U.S. dollars of foreign direct investment . Since 1993, China has been 15 years as the largest foreign investment in developing countries.

In fact at the end of 2007, China has a total investment of 280,000 U.S. dollars of foreign companies recorded more than 2.11 trillion. In 2007, imports and foreign-invested enterprises, import and export, China’s foreign trade and export volume of 57.7% was accounted for 1.2549 trillion U.S. dollars, 5,000 more than one million jobs, more than 20% of tax revenues 990000000000 yuan, accounting for paying taxes.

(B) continued to use foreign capital and the spread of

Relatively simple and the beginning of the reform of China before and after absorption of foreign direct investment in China into the WTO and the opening of accession, very little greenfield investment, primarily the acquisition, investment and international capital markets are. Since its WTO accession, China has earnestly, a member of the World Trade Organization to step in fulfilling the commitment step, steadily opening the capital market actively engaged, relevant laws and regulations, capital in an orderly manner improve the process of internationalization of the market.

The first allows the local companies on the list of all overseas interest. The Chinese government supports a list of qualified overseas institutions to expand the financing channels of international competitiveness. At the end of April 2008, a total of 150 domestic enterprises with a total of 110.5 billion U.S. dollars, 55 companies issued shares at the same time international list.

Second, the aggressive implementation of the system, (QFII) and Qualified Domestic Institutional Investors systems foreign institutional investor (QDII) qualification. Now, I get the status of QFII 300000000000 0.54 U.S. dollars to foreign institutions have QFII investment have increased the proportion of the investment framework, giving 10.5 billion U.S. dollars, another five foreign banks, QFII custodian business could be implemented. The amount appropriated for QDII investment reached, nine QDII QDII QDII 9 qualification 0.37500000000 fund products and fund management company and securities firms had to obtain a range of 21 asset management plan has been approved by the dollar.

Third, WTO and the securities industry in an open framework. At the end of April 2008 was approved projects 31 financial firms to manage shared with seven of the securities by the joint venture and the China Securities Regulatory Commission, 15 companies loans to joint venture 49% of the foreign partner’s share has been reached.

Fourth, improve and complete the foreign policy of mergers and acquisitions. 2006 issued “regulations on foreign investors to merge local companies,” m improvement in China’s overall foreign investment policies and environment.

Companies are accounted for foreign investment in late 2007, foreign investors in Chinese shares is 800 m 21, 7.6% the number of foreign investors which stocks 19 400 Chinese companies and foreign investment to purchase, in fact, purchase of shares in 2373 of local companies, the corporation has a merger or acquisition, capital solid 11.6% accounting for foreign-invested enterprises recorded, the registered capital to 134.3 billion U.S. dollars in the U.S. I.

(C) Use of continuous improvement of industrial structure of foreign capital

In China, reform open foreign investment, export orders, which indicates the number of general features of the type of expansion to attract foreign investment, governments at all levels of foreign firms export-oriented, the land use, taxation, finance, and provide many other benefits, the pattern of processing trade in labor-intensive foreign investment and results. World Trade Organization, China and revision, and improvement of the new policy, “Corporate Income Tax Law” and “foreign investment in basic industries catalog,” the abolition of superpower foreign companies national treatment, the expansion of further liberalization of services announced. Strictly speaking, high and low levels of power consumption, high pollution and limit projects funded from abroad. At the same time, foreign investment in independent innovation, completely, foreign capital, innovation, financial opening new areas to expand the use of foreign capital in order to achieve greater regional distribution of foreign investment, insurance, telecommunications, provide an active role to work actively and steadily expanded to other services.

The new policy towards foreign investment, focus on high-tech industry, basic industries and infrastructure, particularly in recent years, research and development centers, integrated circuits, computer services on foreign investment from industry to foreign investment in communications equipment, trade, trade external communication and open trade has become the finance, insurance, real estate and other services from the new round of foreign investment, a significant increase in high-tech companies.

Foreign investment in the industry has been greatly improved significantly increase the proportion of tertiary industry. In 2005-2007, the amount of foreign investment as a percentage of total foreign investment in the tertiary industry 24.7%, 31.6%, 41.4, and the secondary industry 74.1 percent, respectively, 67.5%, 57.3% and the rate of exchange offer worsening.

Four “out” strategy, implementation, and initial results have been achieved and

Strategies for “going global”, the content is primarily economic and technical cooperation and foreign investment from abroad, and go abroad, in order to achieve economic growth sustainable in China, “two resources and two markets” to is to strengthen institutions to take advantage of other means.

(A) increase gradually to increase competitiveness and foreign economic cooperation.

Foreign economic cooperation through continued effort to be brought about by the reform and opening new ones, China’s foreign trade has evolved into an important part of economy and quickly, before the century began in the late 1970s.

In 1976, China’s first foreign contract labor in the international arena, the majority of 1980 working in 29 service areas of foreign cooperation projects and construction workers to concentrate on markets in West Asia and North Africa Total company. Since 1981, the team started in China’s foreign economic cooperation, increased gradually increase the level of corporate governance, contracts, business expanded, more competitive market diversification strategy to implementation. In 1995, has expanded the scope of foreign economic cooperation also began designing and advisory.

Since joining the healthy development of foreign economic cooperation with the World Trade Organization and the fast lane. Continue to expand the scope of business to the area more technical from the beginning of a few open businesses and reform in 2007, and improve greatly benefit and social economy, the relative competitiveness of a strong international configuration of the team has evolved over 1,000 organizations. 2002-2007, and foreign economic cooperation agreement and the total contract value of U.S. dollars 257700000000 486.000, 163.3 billion U.S. dollars sales in the United States, 2 and 1.8 times respectively from 1976 to 2001 in an amount of 1.9 times for the project to completion Please.

In 2007, the economic cooperation between the Chinese Foreign Ministry has made significant progress this year. New contract amount of U.S. 85300000000, the United States 47900000000,19.1 percent respectively to complete the 34.2 percent increase in dollar sales, the various labor representatives sent 75.3 million. Their foreign sales contracts 40600000000 Project, while 35.3 percent increase. Operation in the capital region and over 180 countries, the world’s technology-intensive and power metal, half the time of total sales that are expressed to the rail, petrochemical projects in the field of electronic communication, Many of the projects is growing rapidly. In 2007 the company had a choice of 49 U.S. “Society” (ENR’s) contract from the largest to top 225.14 million.

(B) has strong growth momentum of foreign investment

Foreign direct investment in China started to reform, opening in 1979. Been approved by the state, only a handful of companies state-owned trading companies are moving overseas representative offices, make sure to provide project.

Chinese foreign investment in space exploration and development in 30 years, though still small, positive progress has been made. World Trade Organization during the period of rapid development since China joined the overseas investment. China’s foreign direct investment in 2002, 2007, 2007 26,500,000,000.2002 six years, and 25.1% at an average annual growth rate increased by only 27 billion dollars. 2007.7000 investors at the end of foreign direct investment projects in the region to establish more than 10,000.

The field of foreign investment levels have increased and continue to expand the level of foreign investment. Currently, foreign institutional investors, the country, more than 170 countries and regions in Asia, which invested mainly in Latin America to cover the show the direction of market diversification. In 2007, the inflow of foreign direct investment, representing 62.6% of China and Asia, Latin America, Europe, North America, Oceania 18.5%, 13% combined.

A mergers and foreign investment in the new field of cross-border acquisitions and investments, the other methods mentioned in overseas development, with equity participation. Cross-border M & A is an important means of foreign investment and an important resource, telecommunications, petrochemical industry will flow. In 2007, acquisitions, mergers, the total investment is achieved by the flow of foreign direct investment accounted for 23.8 percent. Foreign R & D Center, a major breakthrough for that overseas economic cooperation and trade, industrial construction, specify the number of industry out the assembly area.

As well as mining, manufacturing, business services, financial sector continue to increase foreign investment also is one of the largest foreign investment to start. By the end of 2006, total assets of commercial banks and five state-owned industrial commercial banks 226.8 billion U.S. dollars overseas. U.S., Japan, UK, Australia, Russia, Brazil, other countries and organizations, an area with a branch or representative office in 3112 was 29.47 state owned commercial banks. The end of April 2008, China, Hong Kong 0.31 10 securities firms can engage in overseas futures trading for hedging purposes are local companies have approved the futures company and six branches.

By the end of 2007, it reached 117.9 billion U.S. dollars of foreign direct investment, including equity securities of financial institutions other than U.S. dollars and 101.2 billion 16.7 billion financial institution in China.

Fifth, economic and commercial interests between the two countries of the fruits of multilateral cooperation

First, make sure that the strategy of building an advanced free trade. Open a new form of free trade areas, and a new starting point, and other countries to achieve mutual benefits the new curriculum. Since 2000, the building of free trade, October 2007, China, Asia, Oceania, Latin America, Europe, Africa, and the construction of 12 Free Trade Area of the 29 countries and regions, exports, Chinese exports of one or more accounted for four of the total. ASEAN, signed, to implement a free trade agreement in goods and services trade agreements, “a 10″ to promote “10 3″ mechanism to deepen.

Second, trade between the two countries to deepen regional economic cooperation and multilateral. China has established a joint committee of the mechanism of more than 180 bilateral and multilateral, to promote economic and trade multilateral and bilateral cooperation, regional countries and 129 plays an important role in 0.13 with international organizations 123 countries have signed a bilateral agreement on investment protection.

Is to establish strategic economic dialogue mechanism, and the third. And the number of agreements were signed on 20 September, 2006, 为止 now until three official start of China Zhongmei held strategic and economic dialogue mechanism, the Strategic Economic Dialogue in the United States, a series of consensus is important both reached. At the same time, respectively, China, Japan and the European Union, the Association has established an economic dialogue mechanism for the major trading partners to strengthen communication and coordination. “State” and the economy, with Russia, including the number of commercial activities. Makoto Makoto view the contents of the SCO’s economic and trade cooperation. China and Africa Beijing Summit of the Forum, the founder of implementation and cooperation between the eight pairs of economic cooperation in tackling non-commercial. Established “China – Caribbean Economic and Trade Cooperation Forum”, “China – Pacific Island Countries Economic Forum” mechanism.

Looking ahead, the task of promoting the opening is still very heavy. We, our economy and the expansion of the opening width and depth, open to ways to improve the open, is based on the policy of Congress, “fetch” and, better internal and external links better integration situation of mutual benefit, win-win economic security and efficiency of the “out”, and efforts to create, a new competitive edge in. international economic cooperation and global economic conditions and maintenance

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